Initiating a North Atlantic Network on Sustainable Holothurian Technology and Innovation

2nd edition of FAO's guide on "Commercially important sea cucumbers of the World” has now been published and a new "Technical note" summarizing the knowledge of North Atlantic sea cucumber C. frondosa

Oct 16, 2023

The long awaited 2nd Edition of FAO's guide on commercial sea cucumber species is available now at the link below:

 "Commercially important sea cucumbers of the World” (


A technical note document has also been issued by FAO on "A guide to northern sea cucumbers. The biology and management of Cucumaria frondosa"

This document synthesizes the knowledge on the northern sea cucumber Cucumaria frondosa and has been prepared for all stakeholders, including industry participants, government scientists, policymakers, and academic researchers. Its aim is to highlight the uniqueness of this marine resource and to guide the industry forward, to emphasize areas that deserve further research and investigation. Available data from eastern and northern Canada, eastern United States of America, Greenland, northern Europe and the Russian Federation are presented. Topics covered include the taxonomy, distribution, biology, and ecology of the species, the natural threats it faces, the current harvesting, processing and marketing practices, and the prospects for aquaculture development. Relying on a knowledge base gathered over more than 40 years, this contribution compares C. frondosa with other common commercial species of sea cucumbers to tease out the major aspects that set it apart. A final section provides a number of key recommendations for its management and conservation.

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